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Preschoolers

As your child enters preschool, usually between 3 and 5 years of age, you’ve probably noticed a stronger desire to explore, play and make new friends. As your child enters an environment away from home, it’s a good idea to learn how to help protect them, as they grow up within a wider community.

Growth, development, and socialization

During this period of growth and development, children begin to learn and master many developmental tasks:

  • Both fine and gross motor skills, such as walking, jumping, balancing, riding a tricycle, climbing stairs, feeding themselves, and drawing pictures
  • Greater involvement in the family unit
  • Communicating with an increasingly larger group of people
  • Becoming independent (e.g., dressing themselves)
  • Toilet training (although each child will accomplish this at a different age)
  • Learning to control impulses and being guided to different activities

Many parents and families ask if hemophilia will affect their child's normal growth and development with these and many other tasks. The answer is a resounding NO! Hemophilia will NOT affect or hinder a child's development. But, your family will face unique, and evolving, challenges that require open and ongoing communication with schools, daycares, and your HTC team. Learn more on how daycares and schools can help create a safe environment for your child

Considerations for daycare

Before you and your family visit or enroll in a daycare centre, discuss your safety concerns with your doctor or nurse coordinator. These conversations will help you understand the most important points that you can then discuss with daycare centre staff, such as:

  • The staff's willingness to learn the basics of hemophilia
  • The staff's willingness to work with you and the HTC to develop a plan of action for emergencies
  • The professionalism and maturity of the staff working in the daycare centre
  • The ratio of staff to children
  • The physical safety of the environment (e.g., steep stairs, sharp protruding edges)

If you need help deciding on a daycare, ask your HTC nurse coordinator to contact a few that you’ve selected to help address any concerns, so that you can make an informed decision.

The freedom to grow—safely

The preschool years are busy ones, filled with play dates, birthday parties and much more. Expect there to be bumps, falls, and tumbles— and depending on the severity of the hemophilia, bleeds. Know that there are proven treatments available that can treat bleeds, including factor infusions. In most cases, bleeds will resolve with treatment.

It's natural to have lots of questions about the care and treatment of your or your loved one’s preschooler. You’ll find a great deal of useful information on this website, but just remember that for medical advice, always contact your doctor, nurse coordinator, or other Hemophilia Treatment Centre staff member.

More on treating & managing bleeds

Factor replacement therapy treats bleeding by providing an infusion of the blood clotting factor that people with hemophilia lack. There are also other treatment options. Learn more about treatment options


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